The number of children killed
during the Holocaust is not fathomable and full statistics for the tragic fate
of children who died will never be known. Some estimates range as high as 1.5
million murdered children. This figure includes more than 1.2 million Jewish
children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and thousands of
institutionalized handicapped children who were murdered under Nazi rule in
Germany and occupied Europe.
During World War 2 Auschwitz-Birkenau became the killing centre where the largest numbers of European Jews were killed. After an experimental gassing there in September 1941 of 850 malnourished and ill prisoners, mass murder became a daily routine.
By mid 1942, mass gassing of Jews using Zyklon-B began at Auschwitz, where extermination was conducted on an industrial scale with some estimates running as high as three million persons eventually killed through gassing, starvation, disease, shooting, and burning.
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